The Phnom Kulen mountain range is located 30 km northwards from Angkor Wat. Its name means "mountain of the Lychee” . There is a sacred hilltop site on top of the range.
Phnom Kulen is considered a holy mountain in Cambodia, of special religious significance to Hindus and Buddhists who come to the mountain in pilgrimage.
It also has a major symbolic importance for Cambodians as the birthplace of the ancient Khmer Empire, for it was at Phnom Kulen that King Jayavarma II proclaimed independence from Java in 804 CE. Jayavarman II initiated the cult of the king, a linga cult, in what is dated as 804 CE and declaring his independence from Java of whom the Khmer had been a vassalage state (whether this is actually "Java" or "Lava" (a Lao kingdom) is debated, as well as the legend that he was earlier held as a ransom of the kingdom in Java. See Higham's The Civilization of Angkor for more information about the debate). During the Angkorian era the relief was known as Mahendraparvata (the mountain of Great Indra).
- Siem Reap
Siem Reap Hotels
Siem Reap Tours
- 3-Day Majestic Angkor Wat, Siem Reap and Tonle Sap Lake Tour
- Siem Reap Airport Visa on arrival & Fast Track Services
- Private car transfer from (Aranyaprathet) - Poipet Border - Siem Reap
- Majestic Angkor tour 3Days
- Siem Reap Cook in a Tuk Tuk (Cooking Class)
- Phnom Kulen Group Excursions, 1000 Linga River and Reclining Buddha
- Angkor Wat Tour from Sunrise by Tuk Tuk
- An Introduction to the Khmer culture tour 1Day
- Siem Reap Quad Bike Tour
- The river of 1000 Lingas and the Citadel of the Women tour 1Day
- Sambor Prei Kuk - Prasat Bakan tour 2Days
- 2-Day Exploration of Beng Mealea, Koh Ker and Preah Vihear