The Phnom Kulen mountain range is located 30 km northwards from Angkor Wat. Its name means "mountain of the Lychee” . There is a sacred hilltop site on top of the range.
Phnom Kulen is considered a holy mountain in Cambodia, of special religious significance to Hindus and Buddhists who come to the mountain in pilgrimage.
It also has a major symbolic importance for Cambodians as the birthplace of the ancient Khmer Empire, for it was at Phnom Kulen that King Jayavarma II proclaimed independence from Java in 804 CE. Jayavarman II initiated the cult of the king, a linga cult, in what is dated as 804 CE and declaring his independence from Java of whom the Khmer had been a vassalage state (whether this is actually "Java" or "Lava" (a Lao kingdom) is debated, as well as the legend that he was earlier held as a ransom of the kingdom in Java. See Higham's The Civilization of Angkor for more information about the debate). During the Angkorian era the relief was known as Mahendraparvata (the mountain of Great Indra).
- Siem Reap
Siem Reap Hotels
Siem Reap Tours
- Cambodia - Past & Present tour 1Day
- Siem Reap Nightlife Tour Assistance
- Full-Day Beng Mealea Remote temple, Phnom Kulen and 1000 Linga River Tour
- Phnom Kulen and 1000 Lingas River - Private Day Tour from Siem Reap
- Angkor Wat and Banteay Srei private day tour
- Angkor Highlights tour
- Khmer ancient and modern world tour 1Day
- Private car transfer from (Aranyaprathet) - Poipet Border - Siem Reap
- Angkor Wat Excursions with Khmer Lunch and Entrance fee
- Phnom Kulen National Park Ticket
- Siem Reap Airport Visa on arrival & Fast Track Services
- Beng Melea and Koh Ker Temple - Group Tour